By Matt Darst
Did you drive to work today?
According to a recent survey by Xerox Services, 65 percent of respondents who drive to work don’t necessarily mind their daily commute. While you might think it’s good news people aren’t complaining about their drive to work, it’s not.
Take a look at this series of videos created by traffic planning software company PTV Vision Traffic, highlighting the inefficiency of cars compared to other forms of transit. One video shows how long it takes various modes of transport (cars, buses, bikes, trams and walking) to move 200 people each across a stop line. Buses and trams come in first, followed by walking and biking. Cars fare the worst, taking over four minutes to shift the 200 people in a single lane over the line.
In a subsequent video, traffic lanes are widened allowing each mode to move 200 people in the same amount of time. In this model, cars require eight lanes to keep up with a bus or tram, which only need one lane.
Personal vehicle use takes up too much time and too much space. Commuter perception and behavior must change. Fortunately, cities have an opportunity to direct modal shifts and encourage people to think differently and travel more efficiently.
The majority of people who drive to work do so alone, but since many are commuting to common destinations, it makes sense for employers to encourage employees to use ridesharing or public transit as alternative ways to get to the office. Transportation agencies can incentivize employers by offering municipal tax breaks or regulatory perks. Employers may want to consider the following actions to encourage behavior change:
- Subsidize public transportation and shared use commutes (such as carpooling, Lyft Line) and better market existing transit benefits;
- “Hire local,” or employ neighborhood residents, to reduce commute time and encourage cycling and walking;
- Launch on-demand, shared use car and shuttle service for commuters;
Promote multi-modal travel planning apps
Multi-modal trip planning apps can help change behavior by allowing users to compare a variety of ways to reach a destination, including a combination of public and private transportation options. Users are less likely to feel tied to their cars when they’re aware of the variety of available trip options.
We currently support trip planning apps in Los Angeles and Denver – two congested cities – to encourage commuters to take alternative modes of transportation by providing several route options. Modal options can be prioritized by the shortest, cheapest, healthiest, and most sustainable ways to get from point A to point B.
Regulation and partnerships
In addition to incentivizing employers and offering multi-modal trip planning apps, cities can consider new regulations, such as allowing shared use vehicles access to bus-only lanes or create new dedicated lanes, similar to high occupancy vehicle (HOV) lanes but on main arteries leading to a city center. Additionally, cities can implement a congestion charge for single occupant vehicles, excluding HOVs and shared use.
Cities have an opportunity to encourage more efficient travel: http://ctt.ec/bMe8T+ via @XeroxTransport
Cities are reexamining the philosophy behind public transit and are taking advantage of private shared use providers to help solve first/last mile problems. For example, the city of Centennial, Colo. and the Denver South Transportation Management Association are working together to connect people to the Dry Creek Light Rail Station. Commuters can get free Lyft rides to and from their homes to the station by booking through the Go Denver or Lyft apps.
Despite these incentives, some will continue to default to driving a car. Consequently, cities must also implement smarter parking solutions. Demand pricing at parking meters can get people parked faster and modify driving behavior, thereby reducing congestion. Consistent parking enforcement also ensures there’s more parking supply. Finally, reexamining the hours of operation and time limits at meters can help shift demand to underutilized spaces. Smart parking solutions reduce distractions and improve bicyclist and pedestrian safety as well, helping to further shift commuters to alternative modes.
Cities are getting creative to push drivers from their cars and to public transit and more efficient forms of transportation. Changing behavior can be difficult, but some of the thoughts and practices noted above can be a good start.
Please share your ideas for how cities can get people out of their cars in the comments below.